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A Quick Introduction to Cannabidiol (CBD)

A Quick Introduction to Cannabidiol (CBD)

CBD has become a highly sought-after compound in recent years, taking the natural products industry by storm after receiving highly publicized exposure in the media. Since then, CBD products have been populating shelves of doctors offices, medical marijuana dispensaries and grocery stores alike.

It’s no wonder that many of us want to know what makes CBD so special.

Why has it become so famous, and why so recently? Is it safe? Should you take it? That’s why Pure Ratios wrote this guide: to answer all your important questions. 

What is the difference between CBD and THC?

CBD is short for cannabidiol, one of about 85 compounds found naturally in the plants of the cannabis family. Cannabis is the Latin genus name for both marijuana (as the dry plant we commonly know) and industrial hemp (as used in producing various paper, textile, biofuels). CBD is often contrasted and mistaken withTHC. THC is the most abundantpsychoactive component of marijuana, which gives off the quintessential “high” while CBD is the most abundantnon-psychoactive component. CBD is legal and has opposite effects to THC. It can improve overall wellness, helping you achieve relaxation, pain relief, and calm without the high.

Despite the increasing number of research and anecdotes about how CBD can benefit your health, lifestyle, and illness, it still remains largely shrouded in misconceptions. Since CBD can be harvested from the hemp or cannabis plant, people generally associate it wrongfully to marijuana and its recreational or illicit use.

How does CBD interact with our body?

CBD interacts with the body throughthe endocannabinoid system (ECS). First studied in the late 1980’s, the endocannabinoid system regulates the body’s homeostasis - or general state of balance - impacting functions such as mood, sleep, appetite, hormone regulation, and pain and immune response.

It’s clear that the endocannabinoid system is one of the most important regulatory systems in the human body, but most people do very little to support the health of this system. Cannabinoids are often neglected as a way to regulate the ECS system.

What’s the difference between Hemp and Marijuana?

Scientifically, industrial hemp and marijuana are the same plants, with a genus and species name of Cannabis Sativa. They have a drastically different genetic profile though. Industrial hemp is always a strain of Cannabis sativa, while marijuana can be Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, or Cannabis ruderalis. The major difference is how industrial hemp has been bred compared to marijuana. Typically speaking, industrial hemp is very fibrous, with long strong stalks, and has almost no flowering buds. A marijuana strain of Cannabis sativa will be bushier, smaller and full of flowering buds.

What’s the legal definition of Industrial Hemp?

The legal definition of “industrial hemp,” per Section 7606 of the Agricultural Appropriations Act of 2014, is “INDUSTRIAL HEMP The term “ industrial hemp” means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.”

Are hemp derived cannabinoids such as CBD as good as CBD from marijuana?

The short answer is yes. Most marijuana has a very low non-psychoactive cannabinoids profile (like CBD, CBG, CBC), so most of the time hemp would be much more preferable for anything besides THC.

A specialized extraction process is used to yield highly concentrated CBD oil or pure cannabidiols that also contains other nutritious material such as omega-3 fatty acids, terpenes, vitamins, chlorophyll, amino acids, and other phytocannabinoids like cannabichromene (CBD), cannabigerol (CBD), cannabinol (CBD) and cannabidivarin (CBCV).


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